Track N | Energy Management Around the Globe
Lighting accounts for 15% of global electricity consumption and contributes to 5% of global greenhouse gas emissions. In the 6th Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM) meeting, an initiative of COP21, Global Lighting Challenge (GLC) was endorsed by 12 Countries from the European Commission and USA. Currently 17 nations have joined this initiative that targets transitioning to energy efficient lighting, Kuwait can adapt this initiative if proven feasible locally. This can lead to reforming the national energy consumption pattern which places Kuwait among the highest per capita annual energy consumption countries. Kuwait consumes an average of 15 MWh/person/year surpassing industrialized countries. The high consumption pattern is attributed to subsidized electrical energy prices reaching up to 95%. The subsidy endured by the Kuwaiti Government is around 58 billion USD for some commodities including fuel and energy for the years 2016-2019. This monetary burden with the current low oil prices leads to a deficit in the national budget. The Kuwaiti Cabinet endorsed a plan to rationalize fuel prices while the electrical energy prices will be rationalized in some sectors. The residential sector will be the last sector to be considered to avoid political pressure. To join in the global efforts in transitioning to energy efficient lighting, this paper assessed the savings realized by replacing incandescent lamps, still used in Kuwait, with LEDs. The savings are estimated for the replacement of 10 lamps/house in 100,000 homes. The simple payback period for the Kuwaiti government is 9 months if the lamps are distributed free of charge. The savings are estimated at a cost of electrical energy of 0.10 $/kWh. Sensitivity analysis is carried out to correlate the electricity cost and ROI for the government. An economically justified solution for the Kuwaiti government is provided to rationalize national energy consumption, reduce power demand and enhance consumer energy efficiency awareness.
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