Alejandro Fraga Eraso
Track N | Energy Management Around the Globe
The Colombian textile sector accounts for 1% of textile and apparel exports all over the world, and 9.8% of the national manufacturing GDP. Despite its importance for Colombian industry, the sector does not have competitive prices in the global market, due to high costs, among which, energy is the second most relevant. Despite the Colombian textile industry is aware of the importance of the energy costs, it does not perform an adequate energy management program and neither has energy performance indicators related to productivity. Recognizing the problem of energy performance information in the textile sector, we proposed a methodology to establish sectorial information on energy performance. For this purpose, we conducted energy diagnostics in two energy-intensive textile companies in order to determine energy performance indicators at the enterprise level. Consequently, we compared the indicators of both companies to determine the best methodological practices to monitor energy performance in any company of the textile sector. Finally, we determined the most appropriate indicators for the sector and the methodology that would allow the energy diagnosis of other Colombian textile companies. Furthermore, we compared the energy performance indicators with an international benchmarking of energy performance in order to establish the energy competitiveness of Colombian industry at the international level, we also compared our results with indicators of the sector at different levels. The adopted approach allowed us to establish energy indicators that can be extended for the Colombian textile sector, establishing a reference point to measure the energy competitiveness of the sector to support the Colombian government entities in developing tools and policies to improve energy performance.
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